SAE AS4059 is a standard for classification of particle contamination in oils and fluids. It was developed by SAE, which stands for Society of Automotive Engineers. Originally, it was developed for use in the aerospace industry in the US and Canada. AS stands for Aerospace Standard.
AS4059 has over time replaced the NAS1638 as the most commonly used cleanliness standard in the oil-, offshore and subsea industry of Norway.
It has had multiple revisions since the standard’s initial release. Each revision is labeled with an uppercase letter after the standard denomination. The last revision came in 2020, i.e. SAE AS4059 F.
In the same way as for NAS1638, a cleanliness code is given based on the number of particles within a particle size range pr. 100 ml in an oil sample, with code 12 being the dirtiest and code 00 being the cleanest.
The results are given on the basis of 2 different tables.
Table 1 indicates the cleanliness codes based on the number of particles in 5 different particle size ranges ( 6-14, 14-21, 21-38, 38-70, >70) and ( 5-15, 15-25, 25-50, 50-100, >100). This is how NAS1638 was indicated.
Table 2 indicates a code based on the cumulative number within 6 different particle size ranges ( 4, 6, 14, 21, 38, 70 um according to the new particle size standard) and ( 2, 5, 15, 25, 50, 100 according to the old particle size standard). The different sizes are usually specified by a capital letter.
The cleanliness standard SAE AS4059 was originally developed in 1988.